It’s name derived from Greece word ‘Aegyptus’ meaning for “dark soil” Long known for its pyramids and ancient civilization, Egypt is the largest Arab country and has played a central role in Middle Eastern politics in modern times. Arabs introduced Islam and Arabic in 7th century and ruled the hitherto predominantly Christian country for six centuries. Mamlukis took control around 1250. Egypt was conquered by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. After completion of the Suez Canal, Egypt became a transport hub but also fell in debts. Britain took over control of Egypt in 1882. Egypt received in 1922 nominal independence from the UK.

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