The French extending their power in 1910, made Chad a territory of French equatorial African federation administered from Brazaville (Congo-B). Chad, formerly part of France's Central African colonial administration, became independent on 11 August 1960, although a large part of the north of the country remained under French military administration until 1964. Francois Tombalbaye, the leader of the PPT party, became President. He declared single party rule in 1963.
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